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Keeping Loved Ones Safe at Home

Understanding Causes of Elderly Falls

As we age, our bodies go through various changes that can increase the risk of falls. Falls are a common concern among the elderly population, and understanding the causes can help prevent these accidents from happening. In this blog post, we will explore some of the main factors that contribute to elderly falls.

1. Muscle Weakness and Imbalance

As we get older, our muscles naturally weaken, and our balance may become compromised. This can make it more difficult to maintain stability and increase the risk of falls. Regular exercise and strength training can help improve muscle strength and balance, reducing the likelihood of falls.

2. Medications

Many elderly individuals take multiple medications to manage various health conditions. Some medications can have side effects such as dizziness, drowsiness, or impaired coordination, which can increase the risk of falls. It is important for seniors to review their medications with their healthcare provider to identify any potential risks and make necessary adjustments.

3. Vision Problems

Age-related vision changes, such as reduced depth perception, peripheral vision, and clarity, can make it harder to navigate the environment safely. Regular eye exams and wearing appropriate eyeglasses can help improve vision and reduce the risk of falls.

4. Environmental Hazards

Unstable flooring, poor lighting, clutter, and uneven surfaces can all contribute to falls. It is important to ensure that the living environment is free from hazards that can increase the risk of falls. Installing grab bars in bathrooms, using non-slip mats, and keeping pathways clear can help create a safer living space.

5. Chronic Health Conditions

Chronic health conditions such as arthritis, osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, and diabetes can affect mobility and increase the risk of falls. Managing these conditions effectively through medication, therapy, and lifestyle modifications can help reduce the risk of falls.

6. Cognitive Impairment

Cognitive decline, including conditions like dementia, can affect judgment, decision-making, and spatial awareness, making falls more likely. Caregivers should take extra precautions to create a safe environment for individuals with cognitive impairment, such as removing tripping hazards and providing supervision.

Assessing the ageing at home environment is essential to reduction in falls within the home, a key driver to hospitalisation and readmission.